Luke Donald gets underway in the singles (Getty Images)
All to play for on gripping final day
The pendulum is swinging back and forth on a gripping final day as the singles matches unfold at The Celtic Manor Resort
Colin Montgomerie's Team needed five points to regain the trophy lost in Louisville, Kentucky two years ago after dominating Saturday's action.
With all 12 singles matches on the course, Europe had the edge, threatening to make it a 'Magnificent Monday' and ensure the crowning moment of Montgomerie's golfing career.
Ryder Cup history was made with the first Monday action, necessary after heavy rain on Friday and Sunday meant 13 hours of play were lost.
But huge crowds thronged the course as bright sunshine replaced early-morning mist, and the European players responded in scintillating fashion.
European pathfinder Lee Westwood, who rose to World Number Two for the first time in his career before play started, was one up on Steve Stricker after ten holes of a tight encounter but was pegged back and fell behind midway through the back nine.
Behind him, Luke Donald - Westwood's foursomes partner when they inflicted a career match play record defeat on Tiger Woods - led £7million FedEx Cup winner Jim Furyk by two after ten, while Ian Poulter and Ross Fisher were two up on respective opponents Matt Kuchar and Jeff Overton.
The Molinari brothers also showed their appetite for battle, with Francesco up on Woods after four and Edoardo leading American rookie Rickie Fowler.
Woods had only suffered one previous singles defeat in The Ryder Cup - 13 years ago on debut against Costantino Rocca - but he appeared out of sorts.
A glimmer of hope for United States captain Corey Pavin was provided by Phil Mickelson, three up after three holes against Peter Hanson.
But given that Mickelson was America's tenth player on the course - and how well Europe had started - his performance could ultimately prove irrelevant.
Mickelson's colleagues Stewart Cink, Dustin Johnson and Zach Johnson were also ahead, yet it had been Europe's morning so far, with Miguel Angel Jiménez and Graeme McDowell also leading their matches but the picture is changing with every putt.